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The musical is based on the 1950 film All About Eve and the short story on which the movie is based, Mary Orr's "The Wisdom of Eve". The story centers on aging stage and movie star Margo Channing, who innocently takes a fledgling actress under her wing, unaware that the ruthless Eve is plotting to steal her career and her man.
The musical opened on Broadway on March 30, 1970 and ran for 896 performances. It won the Tony Award for Best Musical, and Lauren Bacall won the Tony for Best Actress in a Musical.
Original production directed and choreographed by Ron Field.
Originally produced by Joseph Kipness and Laurence Kasha.
Licensing Agent: Tams-Witmark.
Book by Betty Comden and Adolph Green
Lyrics by Lee Adams
Music by Charles Strouse
This musical is about show business and the characters are typical of Broadway's glitter. "What is it that we're living for?" sing the impoverished 'gypsies' or Broadway dancers in Act I -Applause, Applause. These lyrics state simply the motives of all the characters in the play, and the song is repeated periodically to remind us what this story is really about. The central character, Margo Channing, is a superlative actress and a sophisticated comedienne. On opening night she basks in Backstage Babble performed by the cast. Unhappily, Margo's faults are as grand as her talent. She is paranoid about her age and even though she doesn't want to marry Bill Sampson, the play's director, she says she can't live without him. Bill is the play's level-headed good guy and a foil for Margo's imperious egoism.
Eve Harrington has another view of the bright lights. She says Margo's performances, the way she conveys life on stage, have saved her from despair. Eve's first song in the play presents her as a sweet selfless girl. In The Best Night Of My Life she thanks Margo for letting her take part in the glamour of an opening night. Eve's ingenuous admiration relaxes Margo so much, that Margo admits her constant fear of growing old and unattractive. As the two women watch one of Margo's movies, Margo laments her lost youth -Who's That Girl.
By the end of Act I, Margo begins to think Eve is more akin to the serpent than the innocent woman of the Biblical garden. At Bill's surprise birthday party she resents Eve's cunning friendliness with him, and proceeds to sharpen her wits on the guests. In an indiscriminate attack on anyone who moves, Margo shows her claws and sings Fasten Your Seat Belts. This act ends as Eve successfully auditions as Margo's understudy. Margo interprets Eve's success as a personal betrayal and sings Welcome To The Theatre where "Treachery's sweetly done."
Act II opens by introducing Karen Richards, the playwright's wife and Margo's good friend. Karen, a product of Eastern Schools and now settled in the Connecticut country life is no match for worldly wiley Eve. Karen sings Inner Thoughts hoping everyone will laugh when they discover her "favor" for Eve. She has emptied the gas tank so that Margo will miss her train to New York, and Eve will have a chance to understudy in the play.
The next series of events reveals Eve as less than an artless innocent. Her last minute substitution for Margo is covered miraculously by all the critics who matter. She returns to the "gypsies'" bar after the show and cold-shoulders those who are beneath her now. As Eve leaves the dancers explode into a production number with amusing lyrics that marks Eve's change -She's No Longer A Gypsy. Eve has conveniently awakened the romantic interests of the stage manager, the producer and the playwright in the stepping-stone order that has been most helpful to her career. She has even made an unsuccessful play for the director, Bill Sampson, Margo's boyfriend. When Eve sings One Hallowe'en she crows "No one worries how you got there/ Once you're standing on the top." Howard, the producer, overhears the last part and introduces some poetic justice. He has uncovered her not-so-tragic past, and tells Evelyn Hinkle that bedroom hopscotch is over. She is to be exclusively at his disposal or he will end her little confidence game in the theatre. Eve has achieved the material success she wanted, but in the process, she has relinquished any redeeming real-life values. Now she's Howard's plaything.
As Eve becomes more of a public success, Margo becomes more defensive about her own place in the spotlight. Bill tries to convince Margo that love is more important in One Of A Kind. But it isn't until Margo is consoling husbandless Karen, that Margo realizes that there's another life beside the one on stage. Margo understands Eve because she has been motivated by the same sort of ambition most of her life. Seeing herself in Eve forces her to realize that there's Something Greater and Margo sings her love for Bill. Paradoxically, Eve has helped Karen to realize the hollowness of applause.
The musical Applause (1970) is based on a story about the world of showbiz, and its young hopefuls that will stop at nothing to experience success. The main character is Margo Channing, an aging actress who is still quite popular. She enjoys her life as a stage performer with her boyfriend Bill Sampson, who is also a director. Soon, Margo is introduced to Eve Harrington, a pretty young woman who claims that she is a big fan of Margo's. Eventually, Eve becomes a close friend of Margo's, but secretly tries to seduce Bill. She also uses her looks to entice a powerful producer and Buzz Richards, a married author. Eve wins the role as Margo's understudy in a musical through her relationship with the producer, and is soon taking the role away from Margo thanks to a bit of sabotage. Eve goes on to become the newest star on Broadway, but Margo is not too upset. She realizes that she does not need stardom, because she still has Bill, who did not succumb to Eve's flirtations.
The story of Applause, the stage musical, began in a short story titled "The Wisdom of Eve" (1946) written by Mary Orr. A few years later, Orr's story was made into a radio play. Then, in 1950, a motion picture based on "The Wisdom of Eve" was produced by Twentieth Century Fox. The screenplay, which was written by Joseph L. Makiewicz, was called "All About Eve." This film starred Bette Davis as Margo, and was a huge success at the box office and with the critics. All About Eve was nominated for a then-record fourteen Oscar Awards, of which it won six. The most notable Oscar Award that was given to the film was for "Best Picture." It was a number of years before a production team decided to mount a stage musical version of the film. Once that occurred, Sydney Michaels was hired to write the book, but he was subsequently replaced by the usual team of Betty Comden and Adolph Green. Charles Strouse, who had previously scored a big success with Bye Bye Birdie (1960) was brought on to compose the music. The show's song lyrics were written by Lee Adams, who had worked with Strouse on a number of musicals up to this point. The role of Margo was given to the film star Lauren Bacall, who had already appeared in two musicals, including Cactus Flower (1965). Penny Fuller, as a replacement of the too-nice Diane MacAfee, portrayed the multi-faceted role of Eve.
Applause was first seen on Broadway at the Palace Theater on 30 March 1970. The show was successful, lasting for an impressive run of 896 performances. During this tenure, Bacall was replaced by Anne Baxter, who had previously appeared as Eve in All About Eve, and then by Arlene Dahl. A production was mounted in London beginning on 16 November 1972, and remained for 382 showings. The musical would also subsequently be seen in Germany and Spain.